What Is a Clutch Hitter in Baseball?

Unlocking the Secrets of Clutch Hitting: How Some Baseball Players Thrive Under Pressure
Written by Mark Bailey
Last updated on

In baseball, a clutch hitter is a player with a knack for delivering hits during high-pressure situations, often when the game is on the line. These batters thrive when it matters most, driving in critical runs and turning the tide of the game. Let’s delve into what makes a hitter “clutch” and the psychology behind their game-changing swings.

  • A clutch hitter in baseball is a player who succeeds in critical moments that affect the outcome of the game. Clutch hitters help teams win games and reduce anxiety/nerves when they come up.
  • Statistics like GWRBI, AVG w/ RISP, and Walk-Offs can be used to measure clutch hitting.
  • Legendary players like Derek Jeter (Mr. November), Roberto Clemente, Jim Thome, and Reggie Jackson are all considered as clutch hitters due to their noteworthy performances.
  • The Cramer Test has stated that clutch hitting does not exist, but this has been debated since 1977.
  • Mental focus techniques such as Sean Casey’s can be utilized by young players to become better clutch hitters.

What is a clutch hitter in baseball?

A clutch hitter in baseball is a player who can get a hit at a critical point of a game that affects the outcome. Players face many moments in a game that are considered critical or clutch throughout a season. It can be one single moment in time like a walk-off hit, or sometimes people refer to an unbelievable whole-game performance in the postseason as also being clutch. 

There are many players in the history of baseball who are considered clutch hitters for a variety of reasons. But one thing is for sure, no matter the reason, people love clutch hitters. So much so that one player was even nicknamed after an entire month. Reggie “Mr. October” Jackson propelled the 1978 Yankees to a World Series win over the Dodgers. His stat line was impressive, but it doesn’t compare to having your own candy bar. This is how much clutch hitters are revered and admired:


The importance of clutch hitters in baseball

First and foremost, clutch hitters help teams win games. If a team absolutely needs a hit, the more clutch hitters a team has in its lineup, giving them a better chance of winning. 

While having someone like David Ortiz in your lineup is great for clutch situations, there is no guarantee that he will get an at-bat when you need him the most. But whether you have one or ten clutch hitters, when one comes up, the anxiety and nerves go way down for the team and the fans because they know how their clutch hitter has performed in the past. Here is an example of a hitter you can count on in the clutch:

How clutch hitting is measured

Because the clutch is used to describe a situation, no direct data can be collected to determine who is a clutch hitter, but there are some statistics that do a good job of identifying clutch hitters. Here are a few of them:

1. Game-Winning RBI (GWRBI) 

This statistic was tracked from 1980-1989. A Game-Winning RBI is a hit that scores the run that gives their team the lead that they never relinquish. While this stat was only monitored for a short time, it did prove the theory that clutch hitting could be tracked. The MLB leaders for GWRBI in that short time were Eddie Murray and Keith Hernandez, both clutch hitters.

2. Batting Average with Runners in Scoring Position (AVG w/ RISP)

This may sound complicated, but it isn’t. This statistic tracks a hitter’s batting average when there are runners on 2nd and/or 3rd base. Part of being a clutch hitter is the ability to drive in runs to win games. As you would expect, when looking at this all-time leader list, it is filled with legends like Ty Cobb, Ted Williams, Babe Ruth, Tony Gwynn, and Lou Gehrig. 

3. Walk-Off (WO)

According to MLB, a walk-off occurs when the home team takes the lead in the bottom of the 9th or extra innings. This fun gift is only for the home team. Most automatically think of walk-off home runs, but a walk-off could also be from a base hit or other play. Check out the legend himself, Jackie Robinson, in Game 6 of the 1956 World Series doing just that:

Notable clutch hitters in baseball history

It’s an unwritten rule: If a hitter earns a nickname, they are a clutch hitter. We talked about Mr. October and Big Papi already, but let’s look at a few more in no particular order:

1. Mr. November – Derek Jeter

The Captain has more hits than anyone else in postseason history, with 200. He also has the most postseason doubles in history (32), is tied for most postseason triples (5), and is 3rd on the all-time postseason home run list. Since the name Mr. October was already taken, and the baseball postseason was extended into November, it was a perfect fit:

2. Arriba – Roberto Clemente

The legendary right fielder has his own day recognized by MLB (9/15) and has an official MLB award named after him. It’s all for a good reason, he had a lifetime .317 average, won two World Series, and an MVP award. He also owns possibly one of the most clutch hits of all time: A walk-off inside-the-park grand slam. Wow. 

3. The Pride of Peoria – Jim Thome

Thome is one of the best power hitters in baseball history. He is among only nine players with at least 600 career home runs. But what made him clutch was the fact that 13 of those home runs were walk-off wins. Thome is the all-time leader in walk-off home runs in a group that contains Babe Ruth, Mickey Mantle, and Albert Pujols. This is clutch.

The debate over clutch hitting

When we talk about clutch hitting, it is very clear what it is and when it happens on the field, but studies have been done to determine if it’s just random luck or something that can be learned and developed over time. 

In the early 1970s, the Cramer Test results were released, and it was claimed that clutch hitting as an ability does not exist and is simply random luck. This report started a debate that has continued ever since. To be a clutch hitter, you must face clutch situations and succeed more often than you fail. This is a hard position to get to, especially if the team you play for is dominant or at the bottom of the standings. If they don’t play in close games, there will not be clutch situations. 

What is true about the Cramer Test is that clutch-hitting statistics can fluctuate from season to season and never show consistency. However, that can also mean that there weren’t enough clutch situations to generate enough statistics.

Besides, the Cramer Test that shot down the concept of clutch hitting was back in 1977. It was too early for them to witness Kirk Gibson hit a walk-off home run against Goose Gossage in the 1984 World Series, just to do it again in 1988 in Los Angeles with one of the most memorable at-bats in baseball history:


Whether you think the clutch is something that just happens randomly or is a skill bestowed upon just a few lucky hitters, there is no denying how special those moments are when they happen on the field. 

For young players who dream about being clutch hitters, a great place to start is learning mental focusing techniques that allow you to concentrate on nothing but hitting regardless of distractions. To learn more about improving your mental approach to hitting, listen to Sean Casey describe his mental focus techniques, which got him a career batting average of .302 and three All-Star appearances: