What Is The Neighborhood Play in Baseball

Inside the World of the Neighborhood Play: Balancing Player Safety and Game Strategy in Baseball
Written by Mark Bailey
Last updated on

The neighborhood play in baseball is a colloquial term for a situation where a middle infielder, while turning a double play, may not actually touch second base before throwing to first base. Traditionally, umpires gave some leeway on this rule, prioritizing the player’s safety over the strict adherence to touching the bag. However, with the advent of replay reviews, the enforcement of this rule has become much stricter, requiring infielders to make clear contact with the base to record the out.

  • Neighborhood play is an infield defensive tactic used to avoid collisions with base runners and speed up the pace of play.
  • Infielders must meet specific criteria for a neighborhood play to be valid, such as being “in the neighborhood” of the base, in a force out situation, and avoiding double plays.
  • It has had a significant impact on game outcomes and player safety but remains a source of controversy due to its subjective nature and potential for abuse.

What is the neighborhood play in baseball?

Neighborhood play is a unique defensive tactic used by infielders in baseball to prevent collisions with base runners. It occurs when the infielder fields the ball and quickly tosses it to the second baseman or shortstop without actually stepping on second base. The umpire then rules that the runner was forced out, even if the fielder didn’t technically touch the base. This play is commonly used in double play situations to quickly get two outs, but it’s also used in situations where the infielder needs to avoid a collision with the runner.

The neighborhood play is used primarily for player safety. Baseball is a high-speed game, and collisions between fielders and runners are common. The neighborhood play allows infielders to quickly make the out without putting themselves or the runner at risk. It’s also used to speed up the pace of play, allowing infielders to get rid of the ball faster and make more efficient double plays.

There are specific rules surrounding neighborhood play that determine when it can and cannot be used. For example, the neighborhood play can only be used when there’s a force out at second base, meaning the runner is required to advance to second to avoid being put out. Additionally, the fielder must be in the “neighborhood” of second base, meaning they must be close enough to reasonably make the play. Finally, neighborhood play cannot be used when there’s a potential double play situation where the runner on first is not forced to advance to second. These rules have been put in place to prevent abuse of neighborhood play and to ensure fair play.

The impact of neighborhood play on the game

Neighborhood play has had a significant impact on the game of baseball, particularly when it comes to player safety. By allowing infielders to make quick throws to first base without having to worry about touching second base, neighborhood play has helped to reduce the risk of collisions and injuries on the field. This is especially important given the increasing emphasis on player safety in sports, as well as the potentially devastating consequences of collisions between players moving at high speeds.

The impact of neighborhood play on game outcomes is somewhat more complicated. While the rule is intended to prevent collisions and promote safety, some argue that it also gives infielders an unfair advantage. By not requiring infielders to actually touch second base in certain situations, the rule allows for more lenient interpretations of what constitutes a force out. This can significantly impact the outcome of close games, as even one missed call can mean the difference between a win and a loss.

The role of umpires in interpreting the neighborhood play is also an important aspect of the rule’s impact on the game. Umpires must make split-second decisions about whether or not an infielder was in the neighborhood of the base and whether or not they were making a genuine attempt to touch it. This can be a difficult and subjective call to make, and it has led to controversy and disputes over the years. Some have called for greater consistency in interpreting and enforcing neighborhood play to ensure fairness and consistency across different games and umpires.

Controversies surrounding the neighborhood play

Despite its long history and continued use, neighborhood play remains a source of controversy and debate among players, managers, and fans. 

Over the years, there have been numerous instances where the rule has been disputed, with some arguing that it gives infielders an unfair advantage and that it can be difficult for umpires to apply the rule fairly and consistently. For example, in the 2015 American League Division Series between the Toronto Blue Jays and the Texas Rangers, a controversial neighborhood play call helped spark a game-winning rally for the Orioles, prompting criticism and debate among fans and analysts alike.

Arguments for and against neighborhood play are numerous and complex. On the one hand, proponents of the rule argue that it is an essential safety measure that helps to prevent collisions and injuries on the field. By allowing infielders to make quick throws to first base without having to touch second base, neighborhood play reduces the risk of dangerous collisions and promotes player safety. Additionally, supporters of the rule argue that it is an essential part of the game, one that has been used for over a century and is deeply ingrained in the sport’s history and culture.

On the other hand, opponents of the neighborhood play argue that it gives infielders an unfair advantage and that it can be difficult for umpires to apply the rule in a fair and consistent manner. They argue that the rule allows for too much leniency in what constitutes a force out and that it can have a significant impact on the outcome of close games. Additionally, some argue that neighborhood play is no longer necessary given the advances in player safety and equipment that have been made in recent years.

Changes to the neighborhood play rule have been made in response to these controversies and debates. In the 1970s, the rule was revised to allow for more lenient interpretations of what constitutes a force out, with infielders no longer required to actually touch the base in certain situations. However, the rule has remained controversial and debated, with many arguing that further changes are needed to ensure fairness and consistency across different games and umpires. 


In conclusion, neighborhood play is a longstanding and controversial aspect of baseball, one that has evolved to reflect changing attitudes toward player safety and fairness. While the rule has been in use for over a century, it continues to be the subject of debate and dispute among players, coaches, and fans. Despite this controversy, neighborhood play remains an essential aspect of the game, which has played a significant role in some of the most famous moments in baseball history.

Whether it is viewed as a crucial safety measure or an unfair advantage for infielders, there is no denying the impact that neighborhood play has had on the game of baseball and on the many players and fans who have come to love it over the years.

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