What Is The Seventh-Inning Stretch In Baseball?

Experience the Timeless Tradition: Uncover the Significance and History of the Seventh-Inning Stretch in Baseball
Written by Mark Bailey
Last updated on

The seventh-inning stretch is a traditional pause in the middle of the seventh inning of a baseball game, where fans stand up to stretch and often sing “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” serving as a short break before the game’s final innings.

  • The seventh-inning stretch is an iconic baseball tradition where fans and players stand up and stretch between the halves of the seventh inning. Multiple theories surround its origin.
  • The typical sequence of events during the seventh-inning stretch includes fans standing and singing “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” led by an organist, public address announcer, or guest.
  • The significance of the seventh-inning stretch includes having a break for players and fans, rejuvenation of energy/enthusiasm, health benefits due to stretching, camaraderie among fans, potential impact on player performance, enhancing enjoyment of the game, forming a connection between players/fans, and honoring American spirit/values.
  • Tips for participating in the seventh-inning stretch include understanding cues for commencement and stretching/singing along.
  • Notable moments in baseball history include celebrity performances of “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” memorable occasions like President George W. Bush throwing out first pitch after the 9/11 attacks, and unforgettable fan experiences like marriage proposals or reunions between military service members.

In this article...

Origins of the seventh-inning stretch

Theories surrounding the tradition

President William Howard Taft’s involvement

One popular theory attributes the origin of the seventh-inning stretch to President William Howard Taft, who served as the 27th President of the United States from 1909 to 1913. Legend has it that during a 1910 Washington Senators game, the portly President, feeling cramped and uncomfortable in his wooden seat, stood up to stretch his legs in the middle of the seventh inning. Out of respect for the commander-in-chief, the surrounding spectators followed suit, unwittingly giving birth to a time-honored baseball tradition.

Brother Jasper of Manhattan College

Another account attributes the seventh-inning stretch to Brother Jasper of Manhattan College, a 19th-century Irish Christian Brother and the school’s baseball coach. It is said that during a particularly tense game in 1882, Brother Jasper noticed that his students were growing restless and anxious. In an effort to calm their nerves, he called for a break in the action, instructing everyone to stand and stretch. This impromptu respite soon became a regular occurrence at Manhattan College games, eventually spreading to other baseball teams and leagues.

Harry Wright and the Cincinnati Red Stockings

A third theory involves Harry Wright, the manager of the Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team. Wright, a visionary in the world of baseball, is said to have introduced the seventh-inning stretch as a strategy to keep fans engaged and entertained. By incorporating a moment of relaxation and fun into the game, he aimed to foster a sense of community among spectators and enhance the overall experience.

Other possible origins

While the true origin of the seventh-inning stretch may never be definitively established, several other theories have been proposed over the years. Some suggest that the practice was born out of a simple need for fans to alleviate the physical discomforts of sitting for long periods of time, while others contend that the tradition was derived from the military’s custom of standing up and stretching during long ceremonies or drills.

Other theories suggest that religious practices may have influenced the seventh-inning stretch, such as the Jewish practice of standing during the Sabbath service or the Catholic practice of standing during mass.

The spread of the tradition in baseball

Regardless of its origins, the seventh-inning stretch quickly became a beloved and widespread tradition in baseball. It first spread to other teams in the National League before being adopted by teams in the American League and eventually becoming a regular part of baseball games across the country. 

Its establishment as a regular part of baseball games

Over time, the seventh-inning stretch evolved from a spontaneous act into an anticipated and cherished part of baseball games. As the tradition solidified, teams and stadiums began incorporating organized events and performances into the break, further cementing the practice as an integral component of the baseball experience. Today, the seventh-inning stretch stands as a testament to the enduring appeal of baseball and the power of shared experiences to unite fans across generations.

Seventh-inning stretch traditions

The typical sequence of events during the seventh-inning stretch

As the seventh inning comes to a close, a palpable sense of anticipation fills the air. Fans eagerly await the chance to stand, stretch, and partake in the rituals and festivities that have come to define the seventh-inning stretch. The break typically begins with the last out of the top of the seventh inning, as the home team takes the field for defense. Fans rise from their seats, stretch their arms and legs, and prepare to join in the collective singing of “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” often led by the stadium’s organist, public address announcer, or a special guest.

Singing “Take Me Out to the Ball Game”

History of the song

“Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” the iconic anthem of the seventh inning stretch, was written by Jack Norworth and Albert Von Tilzer in 1908. Though neither composer had ever attended a baseball game at the time, their catchy tune and evocative lyrics perfectly captured the spirit of America’s pastime. Over the years, the song has become an integral part of baseball culture, serving as the soundtrack to countless memorable moments and fostering a sense of unity among fans.

Notable performances

From celebrities to local heroes, numerous individuals have lent their voices to memorable renditions of “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” during the seventh-inning stretch. Perhaps the most notable performance took place at Chicago’s Wrigley Field, where legendary broadcaster Harry Caray led the crowd in a spirited sing-along for decades. Other notable performers include Frank Sinatra, Bill Murray, and even former President Barack Obama, each adding their own unique flair to the timeless tune.

Mascot involvement

Mascots, those lovable and larger-than-life embodiments of team spirit, often play a prominent role during the seventh-inning stretch. They may lead the crowd in cheers, dance to the music, or engage in playful antics, injecting an extra dose of fun and energy into the proceedings. From the Philadelphia Phillies’ Phillie Phanatic to the San Diego Padres’ Swinging Friar, mascots help create an unforgettable atmosphere during this cherished break in the action.

Fan activities during the stretch

Stadium-wide waves

The seventh-inning stretch often sees the emergence of the “wave,” a coordinated, stadium-wide effort in which fans sequentially rise from their seats and raise their arms, creating the visual effect of a wave rippling through the crowd. This spontaneous display of unity and enthusiasm encapsulates the spirit of the seventh-inning stretch, fostering a sense of camaraderie among fans.

Trivia and contests

Some stadiums also use the seventh-inning stretch as an opportunity to engage fans with trivia questions or contests displayed on the scoreboard. These activities offer an entertaining diversion and often include prizes for those who correctly answer questions or participate in various challenges.

Regional variations in traditions

The seventh-inning stretch experience can vary from ballpark to ballpark, with each stadium putting its own unique spin on the tradition. For example, at New York’s Yankee Stadium, fans often sing “God Bless America” in addition to “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” while at Boston’s Fenway Park, the crowd belts out “Sweet Caroline” during the middle of the eighth inning.

Other variations on the traditional seventh-inning stretch routine

While the seventh inning stretch is generally marked by the singing of “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” and an array of fan activities, some ballparks and teams have experimented with different approaches to the tradition. Alternative activities may include inviting local musical acts to perform, showcasing fan-generated content on the scoreboard, or even holding brief, on-field ceremonies to recognize individuals or commemorate special events.

The significance of the seventh-inning stretch

1. A break for fans and players

The seventh-inning stretch serves as a much-needed interlude amid an often-intense baseball game, providing fans and players with a moment of respite. This brief pause allows spectators to recover from the mental and physical fatigue that may accumulate throughout a game, while players can utilize the time to regroup and refocus before the final innings.

2. Rejuvenation of energy and enthusiasm

As fans rise from their seats and engage in the familiar rituals of the seventh-inning stretch, a renewed sense of energy and enthusiasm often permeates the stadium. This revitalization can help rekindle the excitement of the game, sustaining the atmosphere of anticipation and enjoyment as the contest unfolds.

3. Health benefits of standing and stretching

Beyond the psychological benefits, the seventh-inning stretch also carries physical advantages. Sitting for extended periods can lead to muscle stiffness, poor circulation, and even an increased risk of health issues. By encouraging fans to stand and stretch, the tradition promotes overall well-being and helps counteract the potential negative effects of prolonged sitting.

4. Encouraging interaction and camaraderie among fans

The communal nature of the seventh-inning stretch fosters a sense of camaraderie among fans. As spectators stand shoulder to shoulder, they can engage in conversation, share stories, and revel in the shared experience of the game, forging connections that may last long after the final pitch is thrown.

5. Impact on player performance

Although difficult to quantify, the seventh-inning stretch may also have a positive impact on player performance. The brief pause allows athletes to catch their breath, refocus their minds, and prepare for the critical plays ahead. This respite can potentially influence the outcome of the game as rejuvenated players return to the field with renewed vigor and determination.

6. Promoting overall enjoyment of the game 

By incorporating a moment of fun and relaxation into the baseball experience, the seventh-inning stretch enhances the overall enjoyment of the game. The tradition serves as a reminder that, despite the competition and intensity, the sport is ultimately about shared passion, connection, and fun.

7. Forming a sense of community between players and fans

The seventh-inning stretch helps to bridge the gap between players and fans, fostering a sense of unity and community. As fans stand and sing together, they not only share in the excitement of the game but also demonstrate their unwavering support for their team, solidifying the bond between athletes and their devoted followers.

8. The connection between baseball and American society

Over time, the seventh-inning stretch has transcended its original purpose, evolving into a symbol of the deep connection between baseball and American society. The tradition embodies the values of unity, perseverance, and shared experience that have come to define both the sport and the nation itself. As fans across the country rise to their feet, stretch their limbs, and join together in song, they pay homage to the enduring spirit of America’s pastime, celebrating the unique bond that unites them as participants in a beloved national ritual.

How to participate in the seventh-inning stretch

Understanding the cues

To fully participate in the seventh inning stretch, it is essential to recognize the cues signaling its commencement. As the third out is recorded in the middle of the seventh inning, keep an eye on the stadium’s announcer or scoreboard, which may prompt fans to rise from their seats. The atmosphere will shift as the crowd collectively stands and prepares for the moment, making it easy to identify when the seventh-inning stretch has begun.

Stretching and singing along

Embrace the spirit of the seventh-inning stretch by standing up and stretching your limbs, taking deep breaths, and enjoying the temporary pause in the game’s action. When “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” begins to play, join in the singing with gusto, adding your voice to the thousands of others resonating throughout the stadium. Feel free to clap, sway, or dance along, fully immersing yourself in the joy and camaraderie of the moment.

Tips for enjoying the experience

To make the most of the seventh-inning stretch, consider the following tips:

  • Don’t be shy; everyone around you is participating, so embrace the tradition and let go of any inhibitions.
  • Use the opportunity to connect with fellow fans, strike up conversations, or share a laugh during the break.
  • Savor the experience, appreciating the unique blend of history, tradition, and emotion that the seventh-inning stretch embodies.

Notable seventh-inning stretch moments in baseball history

Celebrity performances

Over the years, numerous celebrities have taken part in the seventh-inning stretch, lending their star power to the tradition and creating unforgettable moments for fans. From actors to musicians, these guest performers have led the crowd in rousing renditions of “Take Me Out to the Ball Game,” often adding their unique flair to the experience. Some notable examples include Bill Murray, Eddie Vedder, and even former President Barack Obama, who have all taken the mic to lead Wrigley Field in song.

Memorable moments and surprises

The seventh-inning stretch has been the backdrop for many memorable moments and surprises throughout baseball history. One such instance occurred during the 2001 World Series, when President George W. Bush threw out the ceremonial first pitch at Yankee Stadium, just weeks after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. As the crowd rose for the seventh inning stretch, they sang “God Bless America” with enthusiasm and unity, making it a deeply emotional and poignant moment.

Unforgettable fan experiences

The seventh inning stretch has also been the setting for unforgettable fan experiences, as individuals seize the opportunity to create lasting memories within the stadium. From surprise marriage proposals to heartwarming reunions between military service members and their families, these personal moments have unfolded amidst the excitement of the stretch, forever linking their stories to the history of the game.

Honoring special events and individuals

The seventh-inning stretch has often been used as a platform to honor special events and individuals, paying tribute to their contributions and sacrifices. For example, on Jackie Robinson Day, the stretch serves as a moment to reflect on Robinson’s groundbreaking role as the first African American to play in Major League Baseball. Similarly, in the aftermath of the Boston Marathon bombings, the Boston Red Sox played “Sweet Caroline” during the stretch as a tribute to the city’s resilience.

Furthermore, the teams have used the stretch to recognize local heroes, such as first responders, healthcare workers, or community leaders, acknowledging their selflessness and dedication in front of thousands of grateful fans. These tributes add a layer of meaning to the seventh-inning stretch, reinforcing its significance as a symbol of unity, appreciation, and shared human experience.

The seventh-inning stretch in modern baseball

The role of technology and social media

In today’s interconnected world, technology and social media play a significant role in shaping the seventh-inning stretch experience. Fans can now share their favorite stretch moments instantly, immortalizing the excitement of the tradition through photos, videos, and tweets. Stadiums have also embraced technology, incorporating digital scoreboards and high-definition screens that enhance the stretch experience with engaging visuals, interactive games, and live feeds showcasing fans participating in the ritual. This marriage of technology and tradition has helped to keep the seventh-inning stretch relevant and engaging for modern audiences.

In the near future, as technology continues to advance, it will undoubtedly play an increasingly prominent role in shaping the seventh-inning stretch experience. From augmented reality experiences that transport fans to historic moments in baseball history to virtual reality simulations that allow remote spectators to participate in the stretch from the comfort of their homes, technology has the potential to elevate and enhance the tradition in unprecedented ways. By harnessing these innovations, the seventh inning stretch can become an even more immersive and interactive experience, captivating the imaginations of fans, young and old.

Maintaining the tradition for future generations

Preserving the seventh-inning stretch for future generations will require a delicate balance between honoring the past and embracing the future. By educating young fans about the history and significance of the tradition while also adapting it to suit modern tastes and sensibilities, baseball can ensure that the seventh-inning stretch remains a cherished part of the game for years to come. By fostering a sense of pride and ownership in this enduring ritual, fans can pass down their love for the seventh-inning stretch to their children and grandchildren, ensuring that it continues to unite and inspire baseball enthusiasts for generations to come.

Criticisms and controversies surrounding the seventh-inning stretch

The tradition is outdated or unnecessary

Despite its enduring popularity, the seventh-inning stretch has faced its share of criticisms. Some detractors argue that the tradition has lost its original purpose, as newer stadiums are equipped with comfortable seating and ample opportunities for breaks during the game. They contend that the break disrupts the flow of the game and that modern spectators, with shorter attention spans and a desire for constant entertainment, may find the tradition antiquated or unengaging. Others view the stretch as a relic of a bygone era that no longer resonates with today’s fast-paced, technology-driven culture. 

The use of “God Bless America

The incorporation of “God Bless America” into the seventh-inning stretch following the 9/11 attacks has generated controversy, with critics arguing that its inclusion politicizes the event and detracts from the original spirit of the stretch. Some also express concerns about the potential exclusionary nature of the song, as it may alienate fans who do not identify with its religious or patriotic undertones.

Other controversies and criticisms

The seventh-inning stretch has also faced criticism from those who view it as a commercialized or manufactured spectacle, driven more by the desire to sell merchandise or entertain corporate sponsors than by a genuine love for the game. Some detractors argue that the inclusion of mascots, interactive games, and celebrity appearances detracts from the purity and authenticity of the tradition, turning it into a shallow marketing ploy rather than a heartfelt celebration of the sport.

Response and efforts to preserve the tradition

In response to these criticisms and controversies, many fans, players, and baseball organizations have rallied to defend the seventh-inning stretch as an essential part of the baseball experience. They argue that the tradition serves as a reminder of the sport’s rich history and as a unifying moment that fosters camaraderie and connection among fans. By adapting the tradition to modern sensibilities while preserving its core elements, supporters of the seventh-inning stretch aim to ensure its continued relevance and appeal for future generations.


Does every MLB team do the seventh-inning stretch? 

Yes, the seventh-inning stretch is observed by all Major League Baseball teams, serving as a universally recognized and beloved tradition across the sport. While the specific elements and rituals may vary slightly from stadium to stadium, the core experience of standing, stretching, and singing remains a constant, unifying feature of baseball games throughout the league.


The seventh-inning stretch is a deeply rooted and cherished tradition in baseball that transcends time, connecting generations of fans and players alike. From singing “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” to engaging in various regional and team-specific traditions, the stretch serves as a revitalizing break, promoting camaraderie, community, and overall enjoyment of the game. As baseball continues to evolve, so too must the seventh inning stretch, adapting to new cultural and technological influences while preserving its core values and significance. Ultimately, the seventh-inning stretch stands as a symbol of the deep connection between baseball and American society, a reminder of the simple joys and shared experiences that make the sport truly timeless. 

So, as you attend future baseball games, embrace the opportunity to participate in this cherished ritual, standing shoulder to shoulder with fellow fans, united by the love of the game.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

We're glad you found this post helpful.

Share it with your friends!

Our apologies if you found this post unhelpful.

How can it be improved? Your feedback is important to us!